Wednesday, May 8, 2013

Details of Chuadanga District

Background, Geographic Area and Location: Chuadanga was a sub-division of former greater Kushtia zila. It was upgraded to a zila on the 26th February, 1984. There are different views about the origin of the name of the zila. There is a popular view that one Persian businessman named Chua Malik became very prominent in the present area of the zila headquarters. The zila name is believed to have derived from the name of the Persian businessman. The zila is bounded on the north by Kushtia and Meherpur zilas, on the east by Jhenaidah zila, on the south by Jhinaidah zila and on the west by Meherpur zila and India. The total area of the zila is 1174.10 sq. km. (453.00 sq. miles). The zila lies between 23º 22' and 23º 50' north latitude and between 88º 39' and 89º 00' east longitude.

Annual Average Temperature: Maximum 37.1°C, minimum 11.2°C; annual rainfall 1467 mm. Chaudanga region is within the Gangetic delta.

Main Rivers: Mathabhanga, BHAIRAB, KUMAR, Chitra, and NABAGANGA.
Chuadanga (Town) stands on the bank of the river Mathabhanga. It is a municipal town, though established in 1960, it started functioning in 1965.

Administration: Chuadanga sub-division was within Nadia zila before the Partition. In 1947, excepting Krishnagar thana, the whole territory of Chuadanga sub-division was included in Kushtia zila. It was turned into a zila in 1984. The zila consists of 4 upazilas, 31 unions, 380 mauzas, 514 villages, 4 paurashavas, 36 wards and 113 mahallas. The upazilas are CHUADANGA SADAR, ALAMDANGA, DAMURHUDA, JIBANNAGAR.

Archaeological Heritage and Relics: Three domed Chuadanga Bara Mosque, Gholdari Mosque (1006 AD), Thakurpur Mosque, Shibnagar Mosque, Jamjami Mosque, Hazar Duari School (Damurhuda), Karpasdanga Neelkuthi, Gholdari Neelkuthi.

Historical Events: It is supposed from the records of the Greek historians and geographical formations that this region was a part of the kingdom of Gangaridhi and there was a city called Gangey here. From the beginning of the British rule the people of Chuadanga participated in many uprisings and democratic movements. Their contributions to uprisings and movements including the WAHABI MOVEMENT (1831), FARAIZI MOVEMENT (1838-47), SEPOY REVOLT (1857), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), KHILAFAT MOVEMENT (1920), SWADESHI MOVEMENT (1906), NON COOPERATION, Violation of Law and Satyagraha Movements (1920-40), Quit India Movement or August Revolt (1942) and Freedom Movement are notable. During the War of Liberation in 1971 early resistance was put up in Chuadanga. During the War of Liberation more than one hundred direct encounters were held between the Pak army and the Freedom Fighters in Chuadanga zila.

Marks of the War of Liberation: Mass killing site: a spot behind the Chuadanga Sadar Hospital; mass grave: 3, places on the back of the Natudaha High School, at village Dhopakhali near the Jibannagar border and on the bank of GK Canal near Alamdanga Railway Station; memorial monument 2.

Main Crops: Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, sugarcane, brinjal, onion, garlic, pulses, betel leaf and pumpkin. Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, tobacco, mustard seed, sola, aus paddy and indigo.

Main Fruits: Mango, jackfruit, litchi, papaya, guava, betel nut, coconut and banana.

Traditional Transport: Horse carriage and bullock cart (nearly extinct) and boat.

Main Export Items: Paddy, jute, biscuit, sugar, tobacco, sugarcane, date molasses, betel nut, betel leaf, mango, jackfruit and banana.